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History Pages


RECENT GISBURN HISTORY

TRAFFIC !!

Being dissected by the A59 Gisburn has always had a love hate relationship with traffic.

These are a few of many incidents which have occurred along with requests and measures introduced to slow down traffic and prevent accidents over the past 80 years....

• In 1915 the gateway across the road leading to the school was kept locked to "restrict the rush of school children onto Burnley road", children would then have to pass through the turnstile and "lessen the risk of accidents from motors and other fast moving vehicles".

• In 1915 the Bowland Rural District Council were requested to erect 3 boards warning of the danger existing where Stockbeck Road joins at a right-angle the Clitheroe and Skipton highway as several accidents had occurred.

• In 1919. the question of a speed limit for motor car's passing through the village of Gisburne was raised. Parishioners urgently requested the Parish Council to try, if possible, to get a speed limit fixed at 10 miles per hour to the dangerous comers at Station Road Top, Post Office Comer and Stock Beck Road.

•On Sunday 11th July 1920 at 10.50 am, P.C. Thompson saw a Bradford motor cyclist at Burnley Road end driving towards Skipton, he was crouched over the handle-bars and travelling at such a great speed when near the Ribblesdale Arms Hotel that the machine leaned over on its side "like a track racer". He signalled to him to stop and the rear wheel locked-up and skidded several times before he stopped. There was a lot of traffic at the time and the motor cyclist was going too quickly for his own and the publics safety.

Ernest O. Robinson, Postmaster at Gisburn, said the motor cyclist was "taking all he possibly could out of the engine and was going much too quickly for an ordinary road, never mind a village". The motor cyclist denied going anything like 30mph or crouching over the handlebars, he said he had been driving for two years without receiving a caution. He was fined £5 and costs.

• In 1973 the West Riding Constabulary were asked what could be done to reduce the speed of motorists travelling through the village, They replied that provision had been made to 'step up 'the enforcement of the speed limit in Gisburn.

• On Sunday 30th Nov 1980, a car hit the gate post at the entry to the Playing Field destroying part of the wall and the Parish notice board.

•In 1984 barrier was erected to the exit from the playing field following a fatal accident at the A682/A59 junction.

•In 1987 A speed survey revealed the average speed of 32 mph with 15% going faster than 38 mph.

• In 1991 a traffic survey by the L.C.C./M.O.T. showed daily traffic rate through the village as 10,000 vehicles, 23% being heavy goods, which was twice the national average.

• In 1992 the Ministry of Transport requested that the L.C.C. Surveyor consider traffic calming measures to slow down the speed of traffic through our village to make it safer.

• Spring 1993,  traffic calming measures were introduced to the village.

STREET LIGHTING.

In 1914, 9 acetylene street lamps were obtained by Gisburn Parish Council to replace Gas-Oil lamps. The new lamps were more efficient and the services of a lamp lighter were no longer required. Electric street lighting was installed in Gisburn in 1934. The Parish Council borrowed £l00 from The Rev; J. Heslop, (who later became Canon Heslop) Vicar of Gisburn. Consent for the loan had to be obtained from both the Ministry of Health and the West Riding County Council. The loan was repaid between January 1935 and January 1944 at the rate of £l0 per year. In 1963, the divisional road engineers were consulted when the police drew attention to the inadequate lighting system for the amount of traffic passing through the village. In July 1966 The Ministry of Transport took over the lighting systems on all trunk roads, lighting on other roads is the responsibility of the local authority highways department.

REFUSE COLLECTION

Prior to public refuse collection, Gisburn had an "Ashpit" where residents could take their ashes. This was situated by the archway on Church View, and was emptied every 6 or 8 weeks. Other rubbish had to be disposed of elsewhere by residents and was usually either burned, or buried in the garden.

MAINS ELECTRICITY

A primary sub - station was installed at Bolton by Bowland by 'Norweb' in 1993. Previously, Gisburn had suffered low voltage and from faults on the line. Underground cables were treble the cost of overhead ones, so were not considered.

In 1958 N.W.E.B. were contacted when several households in the village complained of the electric current fading at the weekend making it nearly impossible to read, and TV. reception was poor. The cause of the problem was discovered to be the new electric boiler installed in the Church for heating purposes!

MAINS WATER SUPPLY

At the beginning of the century Lord Ribblesdale endeavoured to improve the health of the community by seeing that the scheme for sewering the village was efficiently carried out, and provided, at his own cost a good supply of water.

RAILWAY

The railway at Gisburn was opened in 1885. As well as passenger trains, many animals were transported to and from Gisburn Market by rail, and milk from surrounding farms was transported by rail to dairies in towns and cities as far away as Liverpool.

 The railway at Gisburn closed in 1960 at the time of the "Beeching cuts". The Clitheroe to Hellifield line is still used for goods and occasional passenger services, but they do not stop at Gisburn.

The former Station House is situated on Mill Lane and there is a small signal box to the west, both of which are privately owned.

 To the east of the former Gisburn Station is a railway tunnel with ornamental stone portals which was built at the insistence of Lord Ribblesdale who would not allow the railway to pass through the grounds of Gisburne Park unless underground.  Further east along the line is the tall eight-span Stock Beck Viaduct.

The spelling of Gisburne changed to Gisburn when the Railway Company argued that many hours each year could be saved by so doing. The railway opened in 1885.

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railways

Blackburn to Clitheroe opened 1850
Clitheroe to Chatburn opened 1860
Chatburn to Gisburn opened 1885
Gisburn to Hellifield opened 1892

POPULATION

The sharp drop in the population of Gisburn during the 1 9th Century (see below) was almost certainly due to the decline of the cottage weaving industry in the village. The figure for 1861 is misleading, as a total of 80 men were present in the Parish on the night of 7th April (whose usual home was elsewhere) and were recorded as attending the cattle market (41 cattle dealers, 22 drovers, I pig dealer, 16 others). The true population of Gisburn would have been 454. The increase in population between 1871 and 1881 was probably due to employment created by the opening of the railway. (See also Business and Employment section - page 8) Between 1971 and 1981 the population dropped quite dramatically, during which period, the school roll numbers fell in similar proportions. Between 1981 and 1991 school roll numbers began to increase again as more houses were built and consequently more people came to live in the village.

In 1851 there were 518 persons living in 119 houses (4.3 persons per house) and in 1991 447 people were occupying 167 houses which averages only 2.7 persons per house.

By the 2001 census, the population of Gisburn is likely to have risen to around 500 people.

Gisburn Population Census Figures (no census 1941 due to war)

YEAR 1831 1841 1841 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991
Pop.  607 543 518 534 365 527 444 425 449 416 409 394 414 434 356 447

More population figures on village history page.

EMPLOYMENT

Around 200 years ago, 24% of men in Gisburn were employed as weavers. The decline of the cottage weaving industry during the industrial revolution almost certainly accounted for the sharp drop in the population in the 'I 9th century as weavers and their families left the Parish to seek employment in mills in the towns. The railway in Gisburn provided employment for 12% of residents 100 years ago and 15% were employed as housekeepers or domestic servants. 29% were employed in agriculture.

Mechanisation has had a significant impact on labour requirements in the agricultural industry and today only 20% are now employed in this industry.

In the past, a large number of trades and craftsmen relied on agriculture for their business. Much of the work undertaken by Blacksmiths, Wheelwrights and Millers was directly related to farming or processing of agricultural products. In the 1891 census return, all four Innkeepers in the village were also listed as farmers.

Gisburn Mill was a working corn mill until 1903. The mill was built using materials brought from the ruins of Sawley Abbey. It had an eighteen h.p. water wheel, the mill was last used as a saw mill for the estate during the 1950's.

Stable Close was built on the site of former stables used by racehorse trainers Mr Anthony E.Dickinson, his wife Monica and their son Michael.

The following are a list of typical entries in Gisburn school log book regarding employment of children at the end of the last century:

27th June 1898 Attendance this morning is 74, several boys were employed in the Cattle Market.
19th Sept 1898 Attendance today has been bad owing to many of the boys being engaged in the Cattle Market.
14th Dee: 1898 Nearly all the boys in the first class are absent owing to being engaged as "Beaters" for a party of shooters.
7th July 1899 Attendance fallen due to Hay Harvest.
11th Sept 1899 Many boys away from school, employed by a party of shooters. 

COMMUNICATIONS

In 1822 letters arrived at Gisburn Post Office from Skipton at 9am and departed at 11am. Gisburn had its own carrier - Henry Leach - who left for Blackburn on Mondays at 4am and returned at 10pm Thursdays and Saturdays the carrier departed to Skipton at 8am returning at l0pm.

A Post Chaise service (horse drawn carriage for hire) was run from the 'Old George' public house in Gisburn (now the Ribblesdale Arms Hotel) this would probably have been used to carry mail to and from the village.

In the early part of this century, the quickest, most accurate and discreet means of communication available in the village was by telegram via Gisburn Post Office. Whilst the pre-war service was good, this deteriorated during the first world war and complaints were received about great delays, inaccuracy and lack of secrecy due to the system of despatch and receipt of telegrams by telephone, which was used in Gisburn at that time.

The Post Office has moved several times over the century. Originally in its present location, it moved to No 3 Park View, then temporarily to the National Westminster Bank premises (now' The Old Bank Shop') on the main street before moving to Snowhill Studio and then back to 9 Park View (now referred to as' The Corner Shop').

In 1974 Gisburn was in danger of losing its branch Post Office because neither premises nor postmaster could be found to replace retired army major Mr Ralph Kitney of 3, Park View, who retired on February 13th after taking over from his father-in-law Mr Bertram Bentley 10 years earlier.

At that time around 100 people each week were drawing their pensions and allowances from Gisburn Post Office and approximately 270 telegrams per year were received, (despatch figures not available). The position of postmaster carried a salary of more than £1000 p.a Mr Kitney said at the time, "One person just can't run the Post Office because Gisburn is the telegram centre of the area. A steady stream of customers have to be served at the counter whilst the telegram business has to go on in another room to maintain privacy".

With the closure of the business, the sweets side of the business also closed because Mr Kitney said "Basically there are too many shops in the village, it would not pay to stay open just as a sweet shop".

The National Westminster Bank offered to help by leasing its premises on a temporary basis on Friday mornings from February 18th between 9.15am and 12.15pm. This was run by a permanent officer of the Post Office until the business was taken over by Mrs Mann at Snowhill Studio.

SHOPS

At the start of the 19th century, goods were often supplied by packmen, peddlers and carts. In 1821 Gisburn had in its population, 4 Butchers, 4 Grocers, 7 Tailors, 7 Boot and Shoemakers (people needed more footwear as they walked everywhere) 3 Victuallers, a Tea Dealer, a Linen Draper, a Milliner and Dressmaker and a Spirit Merchant.

RELIGION

See Church History Page 

SCHOOL

See School History Page